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Thomas Jefferson Portrait of Thomas Jefferson engraved by J.C. Buttre from a painting by Gilbert Stuart.

Thomas Jefferson


Thomas Jefferson was the 3rd President of the United States. He was a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, and served as President from 1801 to 1809. Thomas Jefferson also served as Vice President under John Adams. He was married to Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson.

The Autograph Book provides a unique engraved portrait, and a letter signed by Jefferson as Secretary of State. The portrait was engraved by J.C. Buttre from a painting by Gilbert Stuart.

The letter dated June 17th, 1790, communicates new federal laws to the state of Pennsylvania. The letter is addressed to the "President of Pennsylvania", who at the time was Thomas Mifflin. In that same year, Pennsylvania replaced the position of president with governor, and thus Thomas Mifflin was both the last President of Pennsylvania, and also the state's first and longest sitting Governor.

Jefferson's letter to Mifflin states that he has enclosed two copies of the following: a resolution respecting the arrears of pay due to the troops of the lines of Virginia and North Carolina; an act giving effect to several acts in respect to Rhode Island and "Providence Plantations"; an act for the relief of Thomas Jenkins and company; and a resolution for the publication of treaties made or which shall be made under the authority of the United States. According to the minutes of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, the letter was received on June 21st, 1790, and a letter was written by Mifflin to Mr. Jefferson acknowledging the receipt of the letter and enclosures.

The arrears of pay was due to the lines of Virginia and North Carolina for services in the years 1782 and 1783. The resolution of the First Congress requested the President of the United States to request a complete list of officers, non-commissioned officers, and privates from both states. The resolution also requested the President to cause the Secretary of the Treasury to take the necessary steps for paying the money appropriated by Congress.

The act in respect to the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations had four sections. The first section imposed duties on tonnage. The second section set up two districts for collection - the district of Newport, and the district of Providence. The third section set up regulations and exceptions. The forth section involved the registering of vessels, and the regulation of coasting trade.

The act of relief of Thomas Jenkins and company provided for the remittance of sixty-seven dollars and fifty cents to Thomas Jenkins and Company of Hudson, New York for duties on a parcel of hemp, duck, ticklenburg, and molasses. The parcel was lost by fire in the brig Minerva, on her passage from New York to the city of Hudson.

The resolution for the publication of treaties required that all treaties be published and annexed to their codes of laws by the Secretary of State. It was approved on June 14, 1790.

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Thomas Jefferson Jefferson's letter to Mifflin reads:

New York. June 17th 1790 -

Sir -
            I have the honor to send you herein inclosed two copies duly authenticated of the Resolution respecting the arrears of pay due to the troops of the lines of the States of Virginia and North Carolina; also of the Act for giving effect to the several acts therein mentioned in reference to the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations; also of the act for relief of Thomas Jenkins and company; also of the Resolution for the publications of treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of The United States, and of being with sentiments of the most perfect respect -
     
Your Excellency's

Most obedient

and most humble servant -

Thomas Jefferson

His Excellency -
The President of Pennsylvania

Thomas Jefferson The letter is signed with the complimentary close: "Your Excellency's Most obedient and most humble servant - Thomas Jefferson"